Since I got my Samsung Chromebook Series E, I've been playing with it to see what it is capable of. Surely enough, the very first thing I did was to go the Crouton route to install Linux on it. To keep a record, this is what I did, based on several websites:
A. To add Crouton and Ubuntu:
First, I needed to go into developer mode and prepare my Chromebook for the fun. The tutorials are here and here.
1. To download Crouton:
You place it in the Downloads folder. Why? Because both ChromeOS and Linux will share that folder.
2. To install Crouton:
Open a terminal (ctrl+alt+t)
sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t lxde (Or xfce, or KDE, depending on your choice)
Add your username and password at the end of the process
3. To run Crouton:
Here you have Ubuntu running. You can go back to ChromeOS by pressing Ctrl+alt+back arrow. Ctrl+alt+forward arrow will take you back to Ubuntu. I downloaded Synaptic because I'm familiar with it for handling the software I want to download.
4. If you need to erase Crouton for some reason:
Type these two commands separately:
sudo delete-chroot *
sudo rm -rf /usr/local/bin
B. To add Compiz:
1. Download Compiz packages:
a. I added this source to Synaptic:
b. using a terminal, as root:
apt-get -o Acquire::Check-Valid-Until=false update
(otherwise, they won't show in Synaptic)
2. Download GCONF-EDITOR and METACITY:
That will simplify things when reaching step 5.
3. Change the windows manager:
To load Compiz instead of Openbox we edit as root the file /etc/xdg/lxsession/Lubuntu/desktop.conf and replace window_manager=openbox-lubuntu (on Debian it's "openbox-lxde") with window_manager=compiz.
4. Mark everyting related to window decoration in compiz settings
We have to make sure window decoration is active (marked) in compiz settings. The same goes for everything related to windows: movement, minimizing, etc.
5. Set Compiz windows decorations
The window decorator used by Compiz is gtk-window-decorator and it may use Metacity's themes.
Running the command gtk-window-decorator --metacity-theme Bluebird --replace will do the trick. But I used gconf-editor:
In the left panel: Apps --- Metacity --- General
and then search in the right panel "Theme" and type "Bluebird"
C. To change locales:
I found that, no matter what I did, Ubuntu did not like to keep my chosen locale (Spanish). But I could correct the problem following this process:
On a terminal:
1. sudo aptitude install language-pack-es language-support-es
2. sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
3. sudo /usr/sbin/locale-gen es_ES.UTF-8
4. sudo /usr/sbin/update-locale LANG=es_ES.UTF-8
5. export LANG="es_ES.UTF-8" /usr/bin/locale